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بحث عن CLASS II VS CLASS III MALOCCLUSION

عدد الصفحات: 16

List of figures……………………………………………………………………………………………2

Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………………………3

Terminology ……………………………………………………………………………………………..4

Classification……………………………………………………………………………………………. 6

 Etiology………………………………………………………………………………………………..…8

  Diagnosis……………………………………………………………………………………………….12

  Treatment planning………………………………………………………………………………….  13

Retention…………………………………………………………………………………………………14

References………………………………………………………………………………………………15

Reference :

1- Banks, P. A. (1986). An analysis of complete and incomplete overbite inClass II division 1 malocclusions (an analysis of overbite incompleteness). British Journal of Orthodontics , 13 , 23–32

2- Cozza, P., Baccetti, T., Franchi, L., De Toff o, L., and McNamara Jnr., J

3- (2006). Mandibular changes produced by functional appliances in Class II malocclusion: a systematic review. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Othopedics , 129 , 559.el–12 (online article Marsico, E., Gatto, E., Burrascano, M., Matarese, G., and Cordasco, G)

(2011). 3- Effectiveness of orthodontic treatment with functional appliances on mandibular growth in the short term. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics , 139 , 24–36

4- McGuinness, N.J.P., Burden D. J., Hunt, O.T., Johnstone, C.D., and Stevenson, M. (2011). Long-term occlusal and soft-tissue profi le outcomes after treatment of Class II division 1 malocclusion treated with fixed appliances. American Journal of Orthodontics and     , 362.–8 Dentofacial Orthopedics

Nguyen, Q.V., Bezemer, P.D., Habets, L., and Prahl-Andersen, B(1999). 5- A systematic review of the relationship between overjet sizeand traumatic dental injuries. Eurpoena 21 , 503–15 , Journal of Orthodontics

6- Baccetti, T., Franchi, L., and McNamara, J. (2011). Longitudinal growth changes in subjects with deepbite. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics , 140 , 202–9

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Journal of Orthodontics , 72 , 1–22 7- Burstone, C. R. (1977). Deep overbite correction by intrusion. American A useful paper for the more experienced orthodontist using fixed appliances

 

8- Dyer, F. M., McKeown, H. F., and Sandler, P. J. (2001). The modified twin block appliance in the treatment of Class II division 2 malocclusions Journal of Orthodontics , 28 , 271–80

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9- Lee, R. T. (1999). Arch width and form: a review. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics , 115 , 305–13.

10- Leighton, B. C. and Adams, C. P. (1986). Incisor inclination in Class II division 2 malocclusions. European Journal of Orthodontics , 8 , 98–105.

11- Kim, T. W. and Little, R. M. (1999). Post retention assessment of deep overbite correction in 69,  175–86. Class II division 2 malocclusion. Angle Orthodontist

12- Baccetti T., Rey, D., Oberti, G., Stahl, F., and McNamara, J.A. (2009). Longterm outcomes of Class III treatment with mandibular cervical headgear followed by fi xed appliances. Angle Orthodontist , 79 , 828–34.

13- Battagel, J. M. (1993). The aetiological factors in Class III malocclusion. European Journal of Orthodontics , 15 , 347–70.

14- Bryant, P. M. F. (1981). Mandibular rotation and Class III malocclusion. British Journal of Orthodontics , 8 , 61–75.

15- Cevidanes, L., Baccetti, T., Franchi, L., McNamara, J.A., and De Clerk, H. (2010). Comparison of two protocols for maxillary expansion: bone anchors versus face mask with rapid maxillary expansion. Angle Orthodontist , 80 , 799–806.

16- De Toff ol, L., Pavoni, C. Baccetti, T., Franchi, L., and Cozza, P. (2008). Orthopedic treatment outcomes in Class III malocclusion. Angle Orthodontist , 78 , 561–73.

17- Gravely, J. F. (1984). A study of the mandibular closure path in Angle Class III relationship. British Journal of Orthodontics , 11 , 85–91.

16- Kerr, W. J. S., Miller, S., and Dawber, J. E. (1992). Class III malocclusion: surgery or orthodontics? British Journal of Orthodontics , 19 , 21–4.

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